Mulk Raj Anand is an innovator in literature. He is one of the first Indian authors to write in English about the humanitarian dilemmas facing India during the mid-twentieth century. His compassionate objective is to produce an awareness of the cruelty and inhumane practices of untouchability and social class distinctions and to seek the enlightening prospects of progress and modernity. In his three novels Coolie, Two Leaves and a Bud, and Untouchable, Anand explores the lives of the down-trodden. It is Anand’s intention to expose the faults and detrimental aspects of the decomposing Indian ways rather than to maintain and defend the greater fundamental aspects of it. With the implementation of modern ways of thinking, Anand seeks a better world for all of humanity, particularly the residents of India.